senses art nouveau: "Art Nouveau - history part 2"
Short History of
A wider attention was brought out to Art Nouveau during the World Exhibition
held in Paris in 1900 and by the opening of its subway "le Metropolitain",
the entrances of which were created by French architect-designer Hector GUIMARD.
At the beginning of the new century, the expansion of Art Nouveau was
massive in Western Europe, it developed especially in the provincial cities,
as capital cities resisted to the new art, in Glasgow more than London,
in Darmstadt or Munchen more than Berlin, Nancy more than Paris, Barcelona,
Milan, but also in Prague, Vienna, Helsinki and of course Brussels.
The works and aesthetics of artists-designers such as the painter Gustav
and the architect Josef HOFFMANN, the designer Josef Maria Joseph Maria OLBRICH
in Austria; the Scottish architect Charles Rennie MACKINTOSH;
the "visionary" Catalan architect Antoni GAUDÍ I CORNET; the Spanish fashion designer established in Italy Mariano FORTUNY Y MADRAZO;
the German illustrator Otto Eckmann and the architect Peter Behrens; the
originator of the ornamental Floreale style Giuseppe Sommaruga or designer
Carlo Bugatti in Italy, and many others, were broadly exposed on the international
cultural scenes and their styles became widely known.
The Art Nouveau Movement reached at a later stage the cities of Chicago
Boston and New York in northern United States, where Louis Comfort TIFFANY
is considered the only original Art Nouveau artist in the decorative field
and Louis Sullivan in architecture, is considered the precursor of America's
greatest architect, Frank Lloyd WRIGHT.
The First World War (1914-1918) marked the end of the Art Nouveau
The world had changed and with it the mentalities.
The elegance, sensuality, flamboyance of Art Nouveau was going to be
substituted by more rational styles as Art Deco and Bauhaus all influenced
by one of the major cultural and artistic movements of the 20th-century.